This guest editorial by Joe Martin gives us the story of actions and consequences
in one state. Read it and consider whether your state is doing the same.
is a new and painful reality in the financing of Georgia’s schools. Many
local systems were once able to cover the decline in state support through
rising property taxes, but this fallback is now gone. The opportunities for
our children are being slashed in the process.
The required cuts in local budgets go far beyond belt-tightening. There are
larger class sizes, fewer school days, and reduced programs throughout the
state. Furloughs and lay-offs are continuing.
Georgia’s leaders at the state level consistently say, “We’re
doing the best we can.” But there are two flaws in this excuse.
The State’s legal responsibility to support K-12 education is a “primary
obligation” under the Georgia Constitution. It is unconditional. The
inability of local systems to fill the gap does not relieve the State of its
Second, the State is systematically reducing its revenues through a wave
of tax cuts and exemptions. The lack of funds is self-fulfilling prophesy.
legislators cut taxes again this year without ever asking how the State
will meet its obligations.
The State of Georgia is undermining its public schools. This may seem
like an exaggeration, but the facts are clear.
State allotments to local systems have decreased by 24.8% on a per-student,
inflation-adjusted basis over the last decade. Because of an unrealistic
formula with another $1.1 billion in “austerity cuts,” the loss in state
funds comes to more than $30,000 for a typical classroom this year.
Moreover, the formula to assist the least wealthy systems in Georgia
was quietly cut by 41% in the last session, and even the reduced
not fully funded
in the final budget.
We are harming our children, sapping the vitality of our economy,
and relegating our state to an inferior status. Three out of
students in Georgia
are not graduating from high school with a regular diploma. Is
this the path to a prosperous future?
Good schools must have capable teachers, effective leaders, active parents,
and sound policies, but they also need adequate resources. Georgia spends
considerably less per student than the national average. Administrative
costs have been
slashed in most systems, and the only way to make further reductions in total
expenditures is to decrease salaries and increase class sizes.
No sensible person would ever advocate spending more without expecting results,
but it’s equally foolish to pretend that our schools can perform their
vital mission without paying our teachers a reasonable salary (and praising
their dedicated efforts), assisting the students who need extra help, and offering
a full curriculum.
The concepts of “choice” and “flexibility” are touted
as easy answers to the challenges facing our schools. Of course, parents should
have more choices, and our schools should be freed from unnecessary regulations.
The real question is how to serve all of our students and not just some.
During the last session of the General Assembly, the most heated issue was
a fight over who gets to authorize charter schools, but this is a distraction
from the larger story. Charter schools can be effective in some situations,
but they are not a substitute for improving all of our schools.
Some are calling for vouchers that would benefit the students who are accepted
by private schools and can afford the tuition not covered by the voucher.
Georgia taxpayers are already allowed to “divert” a portion of their tax
payments to entities that support private schools, with very little accountability
Our state is slipping backward, and many of our children are not getting
the education they need and deserve. Changes will have to be made in our
schools, but the need for adequate support by the State cannot be ignored any longer.
Joseph G. Martin, Jr., for the
Georgia School Funding Association